The Layer-by-Layer (LbL) assembly

The Layer-by-Layer (LbL) assembly, also called Electrostatic Self Assembly Multilayer (ESAM), consists of the immersion of the substrate into alternate solutions with opposite electric charge [1]. This electrostatic attraction is the main force of adhesion to the surface of the substrate. It was discovered in 1966 although this technique went unnoticed until the nineties, when… Continue reading The Layer-by-Layer (LbL) assembly